Camper Van Electrical – Adding A Shore Power Charger

Introduction – Shore Power Charger

When you have shore power available it can be handy to be able to charge the house battery from the shore power. This section adds a modest size shore power charger that will easily charge the base system batteries overnight. It can be used at campgrounds with shore power or at home.

Victron 17 amp shore power charger

This unit has a solid, potted, cast aluminum case with no cooling fan and provides up to 17 amps charging for Lithium or lead batteries. It uses the Victron phone app for control and reports charging status on the phone (and on lights on the charger). It uses a full 5 stage charging profile with separate profiles for LiFePo4 and lead acid.

It can be added to the basic system with no fuss.

Components

The only component to buy is the Victron Smart IP67 charger. There are many alternative choices available both smaller and larger. I believe that they all hook up pretty much the same way. I have used this Victron for a few months and it appears to be a good quality product – if a bit pricey. I find it nice that it does not have a fan to make noise.

Add shore power charger to basic electrical system.

The red and black wires from the charger hook up to the positive and negative house battery terminals respectively. The red wire has an inline fuse for over current protection.

The 120 VAC plug on the charger plugs into your shore power connection inside your van to provide power. It is handy to use this type of shore power feed thru for your van that has two plugs on the inside – one can be used for the shore power supply and the other to plug a plugstrip into to provide house power for the van.

The charger can be turned off by just unplugging it, but you might want to consider adding an inline switch to turn it off/on.

Leaving the power supply on while the van is parked in the driveway between trips is something to think about and probably depends on which kind of batteries you have. Lead acid batteries will last long (maybe considerably longer) if kept at 100% SOC (State of Charge), so leaving them on a good charger that will not overcharge is good for them. Lithium batteries do better if kept at a medium state of charge (70%ish) between trips. This is especially true in hot weather as the combination of hot weather and high SOC will degrade LiFePo4 batteries even with no use (no cycles).

If you see any errors or misleading information on this page, or if additional information should be provided, please let me know in the comments.

Gary 7/16/22

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